The curriculum at Key Stage 1 builds upon the strong foundations of reception, as it gradually moves away from child-initiated learning and becomes more teacher-led.
There is a strong emphasis on key mathematical concepts and ideas, such as learning number bonds to 10 and 20 and beyond, fundamental times tables knowledge such as counting in 2s, 5s and 10s initially before moving on to other number facts. Maths is taught every day for about an hour.
With literacy there is daily phonics teaching (sounds that letters make), which impacts upon their reading and writing. The two principle phonic strategies used are Jolly Phonics and Letters and Sounds. Pupils are also given many opportunities in daily English lessons to explore and experiment with language, to have fun engaging with a variety of texts and to build up their writing through understanding spelling, punctuation and grammar.
Some subjects are taught individually, such as PE (two sessions per week), whilst other subjects may be taught as part of the themed or topic-based curriculum. Pupils will at times work individually and at others as part of a group, both independently and with an adult.
Pupils in Year 1 in the summer term undertake a Phonics Screening Check, to assess how well they have developed their phonic knowledge. At the end of Year 2 pupils are asked to do Key Stage 1 tests in reading, writing, spelling, punctuation and grammar (SPAG) and maths. These are used by the teacher to measure the progress they have made from the end of the Early Years Foundation Stage (Reception).